What Is Lipid Profile?

What Is Lipid Profile?


Lipid profile, also known as lipid panel, is a combination of blood tests that help in mapping the quantities of lipids, like cholesterol and triglycerides present in the bloodstream. This tests also aid in the identification of many genetic diseases along with defining the possibilities of an individual suffering from a cardiovascular disease, pancreatitis, etc. A lipid profile test is usually ordered alongside a physical examination and additional tests such as the basic metabolic panel (BMP) and complete blood count (CBC).

What are Lipids?

Lipids are simple substances that contain hydrocarbons. They, along with carbohydrates, protein, and nucleic acid, make for the four most biologically essential components required by the body for carrying out its day to day functions. Lipid abnormalities, such as high cholesterol levels, may result in critical disorders such as Coronary Artery Disease, cardiac arrest or stroke, etc.

A physician may recommend a lipid profile test as a part of a routine health examination to check for potential abnormalities, increase in one’s bad cholesterol level and even identify a medical problem, which can or may turn life-threatening.

Are any Pre-Test Preparations Required?

Yes! A lipid profile test demands some pre-test preparations. Usually minimum 8 to 10 hours fasting is recommended before the test. Usually, pre-prescribed medicines are allowed to be taken with water before the test. Avoid eating fatty foods, drinking alcohol or exercising rigorously.

If an individual’s test reports suggest an abnormal lipid condition in the body, he/she may undergo a treatment in order to get the levels back in their normal range value. The treatment may involve medicines, diet revisions, weight control measures, and exercising.

What are the Components of a Lipid Profile Test?

A Lipid Profile test measures the quantities of the following components: -

  • Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio
  • serum HDL cholesterol
  • Serum total cholesterol
  • Serum triglycerides
  • Total lipids
  • Low-Density Lipoprotein – LDL
  • Very Low-Density Lipoprotein – VLDL
  • High-Density Lipoprotein – HDL


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